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Int J Food Microbiol 2012 Dec 28;161(3):143-50

Development of a rapid total nucleic acid extraction method for the isolation of hepatitis A virus from fresh produce.

Hida K, Kulka M, Papafragkou E


Recently, there have been increasing reports of foodborne illnesses associated with the consumption of fresh produce. Among these, hepatitis A virus (HAV) remains epidemiologically important and has been continually implicated in several outbreaks. We describe a rapid method (<8h) for the isolation and subsequent detection with real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) of the HAV HM-175 cytopathic strain seeded onto baby spinach and sliced tomatoes using a total RNA extraction method, utilizing a high concentration (4M) guanidine thiocyanate buffer. Consistent detection of HAV genome from both produce items was achieved at an inoculation level of 3x10(3) PFU/25g of food, with less consistent detection achieved at 3x10(2) PFU/25g. Initial studies revealed that a final precipitation of recovered RNA with potassium acetate to reduce carryover of polysaccharides and the addition of polyvinylpyrrolidone to remove polyphenolics in spinach were essential. For tomatoes, virus isolation was achieved with the incorporation of either an elution step with a high pH Tris-glycine-beef extract (TGBE) buffer or with an enzymatic digestion with pectinase. We also describe the development of a protocol for the detection of HAV from tomatoes utilizing a Luminex(R) microbead-based suspension array. The results correlated well with the RT-qPCR assay suggesting the feasibility of the Bioplex(R) as a detection platform for viruses isolated from foods.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #23334093 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2012.12.007
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Food
Entry Created: 2013-01-22 Entry Last Modified: 2013-04-01