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J Agric Food Chem 2013 Mar 13;61(10):2315-29

Analysis of 136 Pesticides in Avocado Using a Modified QuEChERS Method with LC-MS/MS and GC-MS/MS.

Chamkasem N, Ollis LW, Harmon T, Lee S, Mercer G


A simple and high-throughput screening method for the analysis of 136 pesticides in avocado ( Persea americana ) by LC-(+)-ESI-MS/MS and GC-MS/MS is presented. A modified QuEChERS sample preparation method was developed to improve the extraction recovery of highly lipophilic pesticides. Extracts from minced avocados after acetonitrile (MeCN) extraction were directly injected to LC-MS/MS, whereas other GC-amenable compounds were treated with the modified QuEChERS procedure for GC-MS/MS analysis. The average recoveries for 79 pesticides quantified by LC-MS/MS at 10, 50, and 200 ng/g fortifying levels were 86.1% or better (with maximum RSD at 9.2%), whereas GC-MS/MS analysis demonstrated 70.2% or better (RSD < 18%) for average recovery from 57 compounds at the same spike levels. The application of LC- and GC-MS/MS combined with the improved extraction procedures led to the current method, which can quantitate these pesticides even if they are present in avocados below the targeted action level by FDA. This method demonstrated the improved recovery of several challenging lipophilic pesticides in highly fat-rich avocados.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #23362971 DOI: 10.1021/jf304191c
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Regulatory Affairs
Entry Created: 2013-04-22 Entry Last Modified: 2017-09-24