• Decrease font size
  • Return font size to normal
  • Increase font size
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Scientific Publications by FDA Staff

  • Print
  • Share
  • E-mail

Search Publications



Starting Date

Ending Date

Order by

Entry Details

Addict Behav 2013 Dec 29;39(4):768-81

Patterns and correlates of polytobacco use in the United States over a decade: NSDUH 2002-2011.

Fix BV, O'Connor RJ, Vogl L, Smith D, Bansal-Travers M, Conway KP, Ambrose B, Yang L, Hyland A


BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the patterns and correlates of polytobacco use among a large, nationally representative population over an extended period of time. METHODS: This study examined 10years of data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) to establish time trends and correlates for exclusive and mixed use of cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (SLT), cigars, and pipes. RESULTS: Results show that rates of polytobacco use were essentially unchanged from 2002 to 2011 (8.7% to 7.4%), though some product combinations, including cigarettes and SLT, cigars and SLT, and use of more than two products have increased. In tobacco users under age 26, the proportion of polytobacco use increased, even as overall tobacco use declined. The factors associated with polytobacco use among tobacco users included sex, income, education, risk taking/seeking behaviors, and outward indicators of 'risk-liability'. CONCLUSIONS: Findings provide a snapshot of trends of single and polytobacco product use as well as trends in combinations of product use. Longitudinal studies are needed to examine the sequence of individual patterns of tobacco product use and to identify whether polytobacco use results in greater nicotine dependence, increased exposure to harmful and potentially harmful constituents and/or greater risk of tobacco related disease.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #24457900 DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.12.015
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Tobacco
Entry Created: 2014-01-25 Entry Last Modified: 2014-05-03