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Sci Rep 2014 Mar 27;4:4486

Ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73) regulates host inflammatory responses and exacerbates murine salmonellosis.

Alam MS, Kuo JL, Ernst PB, Derr-Castillo V, Pereira M, Gaines D, Costales M, Bigley E, Williams K


Food-borne Salmonella spp., are a major cause of hospitalization and death. Adenosine, an important immune regulator of inflammation, limits tissue damage during infection. CD39 (nucleoside triphosphate dephosphorylase) combined with ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73) metabolizes ATP to adenosine. We studied the expressions of CD39 and CD73 in tissues, and T helper cells in mice after Salmonella infection and evaluated the role of CD73 in regulating immune responses and bacterial clearance in wild-type and CD73-deficient (CD73(-/-)) mice. Both CD39 and CD73 transcript levels declined in the infected wild-type mice. Compared to wild-type mice, tissues from infected CD73(-/-) mice had significantly higher expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and reduced anti-inflammatory responses. CD73(-/-) mice were more resistant to infection and had a greater inflammatory responses and a significantly lower bacterial load in the liver compared to wild-type mice. Thus, CD73 expression attenuates inflammation during murine Salmonellosis and impairs immunity, leading to increased bacterial colonization and prolonged infection.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #24670982 DOI: 10.1038/srep04486
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Food
Entry Created: 2014-03-29 Entry Last Modified: 2014-05-03