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J Clin Virol 2015 Apr;65:32-37

A single chimpanzee-human neutralizing monoclonal antibody provides post-exposure protection against type 1 and type 2 polioviruses.

Kouiavskaia D, Chen Z, Dragunsky E, Mirochnitchenko O, Purcell R, Chumakov K


BACKGROUND: Development of anti-poliovirus therapies to complement vaccination is an urgent priority. A number of antiviral drugs are in development. Recently we have developed human monoclonal antibodies that could be used for treatment of chronically infected individuals and emergency response to potential reappearance of polioviruses after eradication. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize neutralizing activity of anti-poliovirus monoclonal antibody A12 against wild type, vaccine-derived, and drug-resistant poliovirus strains, evaluate in vivo pre- and post-exposure protective properties of the antibody against polioviruses of serotypes 1 and 2, and to determine whether it interferes with response to immunization with poliovirus vaccine. STUDY DESIGN: Immunogenicity studies were performed in CD1 mice. Poliovirus neutralizing titers were determined in poliovirus microneutralization assay. Poliovirus immunization-challenge experiments were performed in poliovirus-susceptible TgPVR21 mice. RESULTS: We show that monoclonal antibody A12 effectively neutralizes in vitro a broad range of type 1 and type 2 wild and vaccine-derived polioviruses, provides effective pre- and post-exposure protection of TgPVR21 mice from challenge with a lethal dose of poliovirus. Treatment of animals with the antibody concurrent with IPV immunization does not prevent immune response to the vaccine. CONCLUSIONS: Anti-poliovirus antibody A12 effectively neutralizes a range of wild and VDPV strains and protectstransgenic mice susceptible to poliovirus against lethal challenge upon pre- and post-exposure administration. This suggests that the antibodies could be used in combination with drugs and/or vaccine to improve their efficacy and prevent emergence of resistant variants, and provides a justification for initiating their clinical evaluation.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #25766984 DOI: 10.1016/j.jcv.2015.01.023
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2016-02-29