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Free Radic Biol Med 2015 Aug;85:259-68

Spin trapping combined with quantitative mass spectrometry defines free radical redistribution within the oxidized hemoglobin:haptoglobin complex.

Vallelian F, Garcia-Rubio I, Puglia M, Kahraman A, Deuel JW, Engelsberger WR, Mason RP, Buehler PW, Schaer DJ


Extracellular or free hemoglobin (Hb) accumulates during hemolysis, tissue damage and inflammation. Heme-triggered oxidative reactions can lead to diverse structural modifications of lipids and proteins, which contribute to the propagation of tissue damage. One important target of Hb's peroxidase reactivity is its own globin structure. Amino acid oxidation and crosslinking events destabilize the protein and ultimately cause accumulation of pro-inflammatory and cytotoxic Hb degradation products. The Hb scavenger haptoglobin (Hp) attenuates oxidation-induced Hb degradation. In this study we show that in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), Hb and the Hb:Hp complex share comparable peroxidative reactivity and free radical generation. While oxidation of both free Hb and Hb:Hp complex generates a common tyrosine based free radical, the spin-trapping reaction with 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide (DMPO) yields dissimilar paramagnetic products in Hb and Hb:Hp, suggesting that radicals are differently redistributed within the complex before reacting with the spin trap. With LC-MS2 mass spectrometry we assigned multiple known and novel DMPO adduct sites. Quantification of these adducts suggested that Hb:Hp complex formation causes extensive delocalization of accessible free radicals with drastic reduction of the major tryptophan and cysteine modifications in the ß-globin chain of the Hb:Hp complex, including decreased ßCys93 DMPO adduction. In contrast, the quantitative changes in DMPO adduct formation upon Hb:Hp complex formation were less pronounced in the Hb a-globin chain. Opposed to earlier speculations, we found no evidence that free Hb radicals are delocalized to the Hp chain of the complex. The observation that Hb:Hp complex formation alters free radical distribution in Hb may help to better understand the structural basis for Hp as an anti-oxidant protein.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #25933590 DOI: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2015.04.023
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2016-02-19 Entry Last Modified: 2016-05-27