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PLoS Pathog 2018 Aug 24;14(8):e1007262

Protective Antigenic Sites in Respiratory Syncytial Virus G Attachment Protein Outside the Central Conserved and Cysteine Noose Domains.

Lee J, Klenow L, Coyle EM, Golding H, Khurana S


Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the major cause of lower respiratory tract disease in infants. Previously, we elucidated the antibody repertoire following primary RSV infection in infants. Whole genome-fragment phage display libraries (GFPDL) expressing linear and conformational epitopes from RSV bound 100-fold more phages within attachment protein (G) following primary RSV infection. The G-reactive epitopes spanned the N- and C-termini of G ectodomain, in addition to the central conserved domain (CCD). In the current study, we examined the contribution of antigenic regions of G outside of the CCD to RSV-specific immunity. We evaluated the immunogenicity, neutralization and protective efficacy of all RSV-G antigenic sites identified following primary RSV infection using recombinant E. coli expressed G ectodomain (REG), CCD-deleted G ectodomain (REG ¿CCD), N- and C-terminal G subdomains, and antigenic site peptides. The REG ¿CCD, N- and C-terminal subdomains and peptides generated antibody titers in rabbits and mice that bound fully glycosylated Recombinant Mammalian expressed G ectodomain (RMG) and intact RSV virion particles but minimal in vitro neutralization titers compared with the intact G ectodomain. Vaccinated mice were challenged intranasally with RSV-A2 Line 19F. Viral replication in nasal cavity and lungs was significantly reduced in vaccinated animals compared to unimmunized controls. Control of viral loads post-RSV challenge correlated with serum antibody binding to the virus particles. In addition, very low Th2/Th1 cytokine ratios were found in the lungs of REG ¿CCD vaccinated mice after challenge. These data demonstrate the presence of multiple protective sites in RSV G protein outside of the CCD that could contribute to the development of a bacterially produced unglycosylated G protein as safe and protective vaccine against RSV disease.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #30142227 DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1007262
PubMed Central ID: #PMC6126872
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2018-06-10 Entry Last Modified: 2019-10-27