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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

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Int J Pharm 2020 Aug 2 [Epub ahead of print]

Influence of residual solvents on the physical properties of transdermal drug delivery systems.

Mazumder S, Shakleya D, Mattson S, Ashraf M, Faustino P, Pavurala N


The purpose of this investigation was to systematically assess the effect of residual solvents on the physical properties of a silicone adhesive-based transdermal system (TDS) containing n-heptane and o-xylene as residual solvents. The processing temperature was varied in this study to obtain various contents of residual solvents in the TDS. The adhesion performance was determined by evaluating the tack, shear, and peel of these TDS at week 0 and week 2. The adhesion measurements showed significant changes in tack values with a decrease in the contents of residual solvents, but the changes in peel and shear were insignificant. The rheological characteristics such as linear viscoelastic region, loss modulus and storage modulus were also measured. The outcome of the rheological measurements was found to be more sensitive to the changes in the contents of residual solvents in comparison to adhesion measurements. These results show that the residual solvent content may affect TDS performance and should be controlled from a product quality and performance perspective.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #32755689 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2020.119713
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Drugs
Entry Created: 2020-08-09