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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

MAUDE Adverse Event Report: MICRO THERAPEUTICS, INC. DBA EV3 PIPELINE INTRACRANIAL ANEURYSM FLOW DIVERTER

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MICRO THERAPEUTICS, INC. DBA EV3 PIPELINE INTRACRANIAL ANEURYSM FLOW DIVERTER Back to Search Results
Device Problem Migration (4003)
Patient Problems Infarction, Cerebral (1771); Hemorrhage, Subarachnoid (1893); Nerve Damage (1979); Vasoconstriction (2126); Therapeutic Response, Decreased (2271)
Event Date 11/01/2018
Event Type  Injury  
Manufacturer Narrative

Since the device was not returned, we are unable to perform further root cause analysis and the exact cause of the reported event is unknown. All devices are 100% tested and all products are 100% inspected for damages and irregularities during manufacture. If information is provided in the future, a supplemental report will be issued.

 
Event Description

Yuan-hsiung tsai, ho-fai wong, shih-wei hsu. ¿endovascular management of spontaneous delayed migration of the flow-diverter stent¿ h ttps://doi. Org/10. 1016/j. Neurad. 2018. 11. 004 spontaneous delayed migration of the fd was identified and treated in 6 patients. Two of them had distal migration of the fd, while 4 others had proximal migration of the device. All the patients were female, ranging in age from 41 to 74 years old. All the aneurysms were in the distal internal carotid artery (ica), with the longest diameter ranging from 0. 8 to 3. 0 cm. All fds were deployed with a tri-axial system. Additional coiling was performed in 4 cases using the jailed micro-catheter technique. Technical success of device deployment was achieved in all 6 patients, with an immediate contrast stasis within the aneurysm and an adequate stent position confirmed by cone-bean ct. After initial treatment by fd, one patient (patient no. 1) suffered from temporal lobe infarction due to distal stent migration to the orifice of the anterior temporal artery. Another patient (patient no. 6) suffered from intermittent headache after the procedure. Newly deposited leptomeningeal haemosiderin was noted by mri at the 8th month after the procedure, and subarachnoid hemorrhage (sah) was considered. Regarding the delayed migration of the fd, three patients were treated with a 2nd or 3rd fd, 2 were treated with stent-assisted coiling, and one was treated with sacrifice of the parent internal carotid artery (ica). Complete occlusion of the aneurysm was noted during follow-up in 4 patients, while 2 patients only achieved partial obliteration of the aneurysm. Patient 1: a (b)(6) or (b)(6) year-old woman suffered from frequent headache for several years under analgesic medication treatment. An unruptured right distal ica with a partially thrombosed aneurysm was discovered by mri during work-up for chronic headache. During digital subtraction angiography (dsa), the aneurysm measured 1. 3 × 1. 0 cm; the diameter of the inflow vessel was 3. 0 mm, and the diameter of the outflow vessel was 2. 6 mm (fig. 1a). Given the aneurysm size and the wide-neck morphologic feature, the decision was made to treat the aneurysm with ped. The patient received a dual anti-platelet regimen with the therapeutic functions of both aspirin and clopidogrel, which were initiated 5 days prior to treatment. After partial coiling ofthe aneurysm with target detachable coils (stryker), a ped measuring 3 mm × 18 mm was deployed across the neck of the aneurysm with good neck coverage and vessel apposition. The procedure was uneventful, and the patient was dismissed without neurological deficits. The patient complained of aggravated dizziness during clinical follow-up. Mri performed 3 months post operatively showed right temporal lobe infarction and persistent flow-void within the aneurysm. Ct angiogram revealed distal migration of ped into the transverse segment of the middle cerebral artery (mca), leaving the aneurysm neck unprotected. The diameter of the proximal landing zone of the initial fd measured by follow-up ct angiogram was 3. 3 mm. Transient vasospasm with an undersized fd used might have been the reason for the migration. A second, overlapping ped was successfully deployed within and proximal to the first ped to cover the neck of the aneurysm. One year later, the patient¿s symptoms had completely resolved, and a follow-up dsa showed complete obliteration of the aneurysm. Patient 2: a (b)(6) year-old woman presented to our institution with acute onset ptosis and diplopia of her left eye. An aneurysm arising from the cavernous segment of the left ica was identified on mri and dsa. The aneurysm measured 1. 9 × 1. 1 cm, without a significant neck. The diameter of the inflow vessel was 4. 6 mm, and the diameter of the outflow vessel was 3. 6 mm. Due to the location, size and wide neck of the aneurysm, the decision was made to treat the aneurysm with an fd. The patient received a dual anti-platelet regimen for 5 days prior to treatment. With the use of a tri-axial system, a 4. 75 × 20 mm ped was deployed across the aneurysm. Cone-beam ct showed adequate stent apposition to the vessel wall with covering of the neck, and the control angiogram demonstrated adequate ped placement with contrast stasis in the aneurysm sac and a typical ¿eclipse sign¿. The procedure was uneventful, and the patient was dis-missed without neurological deficits. The ocular symptoms were improved. However, the patient suffered from sudden-onset recurrent ptosis at 3 months after fd placement. Dsa and cone-beam ct showed distal migration and shortening of the ped, causing the neck of the aneurysm to no longer be covered by the device. A significant mismatch in the diameters of the proximal and distal landing zones might have been the reason for the migration. Due to economic considerations and the family¿s questioning of the treatment effect of a 2nd fd, the decision was made to treat the aneurysm with the traditional stent-assisted coiling technique. A closed-cell stent (enterprise, j&j) was deployed to cover the whole ped to prevent further migration and to cover the neck of the aneurysm for stent-assisted coiling with the jail technique. Dsa 6 months after stent-assisted coiling showed partial obliteration of the aneurysm with minimal filling of contrast in the aneurysmal sac. Patient 3. A (b)(6) year-old woman suffered from left abducent nerve palsy for several years. Mri and dsa showed a giant fusiform ica aneurysm at the cavernous segment. The aneurysm measured 3. 0 × 2. 1 cm. The diameter of the inflow vessel was 4. 0 mm, and the diameter of the outflow vessel was 3. 7 mm. The patientreceived a dual anti-platelet regimen for 5 days prior to treatment. With the use of a tri-axial system, a 4 × 25 mm ped was deployed across the aneurysm. Immediately after stent deployment, dsa and cone-beam ct showed adequate stent coverage of the aneurysm with contrast stasis in the aneurysm sac. The middle part of the stent did not expand well and was likely stretched due to compression by the aneurysm, without significant disruption of the flow to the distal ica and middle cerebral artery (mca). Coiling with the jail technique was performed following deployment of the ped. The patient was neurological ly intact after the procedure. However, follow-up dsa at 6 months revealed proximal migration or retraction of the ped with direct flow from the unprotected neck to fill the aneurysm sac. Due to the long aneurysmal neck, tortuous patent artery and incomplete stent expansion, poor endothelialization with herniation of the fd into the aneurysm was considered to be the reason of 6th word: through not though, please change migration. We tried to pass though the ped and the aneurysm by navigating a microcatheter but failed due to a small calibre and very tortuous ica along the wall of the aneurysm. Thus, the decision was made to deconstruct the parent artery. A balloon test occlusion was performed and revealed good crossover of the left anterior cerebral artery and mca from the right ica. The left ica was then successfully occluded with a combination of coils and onyx 18. A control cerebral angiogram showed no filling of the left ica or aneurysm. Patient 4, (b)(6) year-old, female was retreated 6 months post the initial intervention via stent-assisted coiling ¿ complete occlusion was achieved. Patient 5, (b)(6) year-old female was retreated 4 months post the initial intervention with 2nd ped 3. 5 × 18. Complete occlusion was achieved. Patient 6, a (b)(6) year-old, female was retreated 13 months with 2 or 3 additional pipelines. Complete occlusion was achieved. This patient was reported to have an adverse event of subarachnoid hemorrhage (sah).

 
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Brand NamePIPELINE
Type of DeviceINTRACRANIAL ANEURYSM FLOW DIVERTER
Manufacturer (Section D)
MICRO THERAPEUTICS, INC. DBA EV3
9775 toledo way
irvine CA 92618
Manufacturer (Section G)
MICRO THERAPEUTICS, INC. DBA EV3
9775 toledo way
irvine CA 92618
Manufacturer Contact
katcha taylor
9775 toledo way
irvine, CA 92618
9496801345
MDR Report Key10182179
MDR Text Key201183340
Report Number2029214-2020-00579
Device Sequence Number1
Product Code OUT
Combination Product (Y/N)N
Reporter Country CodeTW
Number of Events Reported1
Summary Report (Y/N)N
Report Source Manufacturer
Source Type HEALTH PROFESSIONAL,LITERATUR
Reporter Occupation
Type of Report Initial,Followup
Report Date 07/29/2020
1 Device Was Involved in the Event
1 Patient Was Involved in the Event
Date FDA Received06/22/2020
Is This An Adverse Event Report? Yes
Is This A Product Problem Report? Yes
Device Operator HEALTH PROFESSIONAL
Was Device Available For Evaluation? No
Is The Reporter A Health Professional? Yes
Was the Report Sent to FDA?
Event Location No Information
Date Manufacturer Received07/07/2020
Was Device Evaluated By Manufacturer? No
Is The Device Single Use? Yes
Is this a Reprocessed and Reused Single-Use Device? No
Type of Device Usage Initial

Patient TREATMENT DATA
Date Received: 06/22/2020 Patient Sequence Number: 1
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